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Next Leadership 
Team Meeting

Sunday, Apr. 14

starting at 1 p.m.

Hemlock Help Program

 The Bad News       The Good News       Key Program Services

Who's Responsible for Our Hemlocks?

USDA Forest Service
 Public lands in national
forests, grasslands,
and recreation areas
State parks, recreation areas,
historic sites, and wildlife
management areas
  GA Forestry Commission
 Georgia's forest resources, including forest management assistance to landowners and communities
Your private propert


The Bad News -- and Why You Should Care

Hemlocks all over north Georgia are being attacked and killed by the hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA), and the beauty and value of your property are being threatened.  As shown on the most recent HWA Annual Spread Map provided by the Georgia Forestry Commission, infestations have been officially confirmed in 19 counties -- Rabun, Habersham, Stephens, Banks, Towns, White, Hall, Union, Lumpkin, Fannin, Gilmer, Pickens, Dawson, Murray, Whitfield, Cherokee, Gordon, Walker, and Dade -- reaching as far west as Cloudland Canyon.  HWA is also in other counties where hemlocks have been planted in landscapes, including the Atlanta area. 

If aggressive action is not taken soon to address this problem, the results could be devastating and perhaps irreversible.

   loss of certain shade-loving native plants and the rise of invasive plants

   loss of certain animal species that depend on hemlocks for food and habitat

   loss of the cool stream temperatures that trout need

   decline in the scenic enjoyment of our mountains

   closure of trails and recreation areas due to the danger of falling trees


   increase in soil erosion

   degradation of water and air quality

   decline in revenue from outdoor enthusiasts and tourism
and the associated jobs

   increased exposure to drought and fire risk

   decline in the beauty and value of your property

   expense to remove dangerous dead trees


The Good News -- Help is Here

SAVE GEORGIA'S HEMLOCKS offers the Hemlock Help Program, a statewide initiative of education and charitable service to help north Georgians save as many hemlocks as possible.  It was implemented first in 2009 in Rabun County where the HWA infestation began and has been deployed across the state on a county-by-county basis wherever the HWA is a serious threat.

It is now available in all 19 counties within the native hemlock range that have confirmed HWA infestation, as well as non-native counties with hemlocks (including the Atlanta area) as needed.


Key Program Services

Save Georgia's Hemlocks offers a wide range of educational and service programs such as those listed here, and we schedule programs and activities year-round.  We'll be glad to schedule special programs or projects for property owner associations, conservation/recreation organizations, schools, churches, and other community groups.  Please call the Hemlock Help Line 706-429-8010 to let us know of your interest and needs.   

   Information and Advice:
* Hemlock Help Line
SM 706-429-8010 to provide accurate, up-to-date answers to your questions about the hemlock woolly adelgid crisis, treatment materials and methods, and concerns about product effectiveness and safety.  The Help Line is staffed 7 days a week and serves the entire U. S. and Canada.
* On-site consultations with Volunteer Facilitators upon request.

* Free public Hemlock Help Clinics (see below), educational materials, and publicity materials to raise awareness of the HWA problem and solutions.
* Volunteer Facilitator training for individuals who want to learn more about the hemlock problem and solutions and then be available to help others in their community (see Volunteer Facilitators page for the Volunteer Facilitator Job Description).
* Tailored hemlock presentations for schools, scout troops, gardening groups, environmental or recreational groups, and civic organizations.

   Do-It-Yourself Support:
* Sources for treatment products and application equipment, and treatment instructions for property owners who want to do the work themselves.
* Location of soil injectors for borrowing (most of which are provided by the Georgia Forestry Commission).
* Injector repair service for property owners, public land managers, and pesticide professionals.

   Professionals: Contact information for qualified local companies that are properly licensed and insured and specialize in saving hemlocks for property owners who prefer to contract with a professional to treat their trees.

   Hemlock Help Project Planning: Assistance to neighborhoods and community groups for developing customized project management plans to address the HWA problem efficiently, effectively, and economically.  Please see Neighborhood Hemlock Help Planning Guide.

   New Trees:
Healthy hemlock saplings offered for adoption for landscape planting on private property or reforestation on public land.
Hemlock planting projects on public lands.

   Hemlock Treatment Projects:
* Through special agreements with the U. S. Forest Service and the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, SGH-trained volunteers are able to treat hemlocks on designated public lands.
* As time, funds, and volunteers are available, we will assist other nonprofits and property owners on a charitable basis to treat their trees where there is a need.  Requests are evaluated on a case-by-case basis, and all information is kept confidential.

* Hemlock raising projects and other environmental stewardship projects in partnership with schools, churches, civic groups, and other nonprofits.
* Mentoring of other nonprofits or agencies that want to implement a hemlock help program.

About Hemlock Help Clinics

SGH Hemlock Help Clinics and presentations are free and open to the public unless specifically noted on the Schedule of Events page. 
A typical Hemlock Help Clinic lasts 1 to 1.5 hours (but can be adjusted) and includes:

   Slide presentation on the HWA crisis, economical steps property owners can take to treat their own trees, information on qualified local professionals who do this work, and the free services available through our Hemlock Help Program

   Hands-on demonstration of using a soil injector to treat hemlocks

   Educational hand-out materials that you are welcome to reproduce and share freely

   Optional add-ons for school groups: planting of hemlock seedlings in biodegradable cups for students to take home,  planting of a hemlock sapling on campus, or an educational hemlock hike.

   Plenty of time for questions and answers

When You Need Help for Your Hemlocks

1.   Inspect your hemlocks and see if they're infested with woolly adelgids.  The adelgids themselves are almost too tiny to see with the naked eye, but their egg sacs are easily visible, especially in the spring and late fall/winter.  They look like little white cotton balls on the underside of the branches, as shown in this photo.

2.   If you see ANY adelgids on even one of your trees or if adelgids are within 25 miles of your property, plan to treat ALL the hemlocks you want to save as soon as possible.  Call the Hemlock Help Line 706-429-8010 to learn about the treatment options, services available, costs, and resources. 

3.  If you want to treat your own trees, the Hemlock Help Line can provide information on assessing the level of HWA infestation, determining the appropriate treatment product and method, measuring your trees, estimating the amount of chemical needed, and finding where to purchase it.  Then download Introduction to Treating Hemlocks and the appropriate one-page application instruction from the Resources page.

a.   Measure the trunk diameter at breast height for all the trees you want to treat and add up for a total.

b.   Based on the chart in Introduction to Treating Hemlocks, you can estimate the amount of product needed.  The Contacts page lists the names of some stores where you can purchase it.  We suggest that you shop and compare prices.

c.   When you have the treatment product in hand, you can either make arrangements to borrow an injector from one of the sources listed on the Contacts page or choose another application method.

      NOTE:  When you borrow an injector, you'll be asked to leave a deposit which will be refunded when you return the injector.  You should also request some brief hands-on training from the lending entity or call the Hemlock Help Line for instruction. 

d.   Treat your hemlocks according to the application instructions.

e.   If you borrow an injector, clean it thoroughly as indicated in Introduction to Treating Hemlocks and return it.

4.   If you want to contract with a professional to treat your trees, the Hemlock Help Line can point you to a list of qualified local companies along with their contact information.  We suggest that you shop and compare the services and rates offered by each company.  (See Contacts page.)

5.  You can also call the Hemlock Help Line 706-429-8010 to request an on-site visit from a Volunteer Facilitator to help you assess the infestation on your property, discuss appropriate treatment options, and assist you to get started taking care of your hemlocks.

The Cost

The Hemlock Help Program is designed to operate as a no-cost or low-cost charitable community service.  Here are the general cost guidelines for services included in the Hemlock Help Program.





Advice via Hemlock Help Line or Volunteer Facilitators


Hemlock Help Project Planning


Borrowing a soil injector -- See locations on Contacts page.

Free  with refundable deposit

Healthy hemlock saplings -- with planting/care instructions. 

 ■  Seedlings <12" bare-root

   Saplings 1 - 2' tall in 1-gallon pots

 ■  Saplings 3-5' tall in pots or b&b

Free to schools & nonprofits.  For personal adoptions, a modest donation is requested with amount based on size of sapling.  See Trees on Contacts page.

Volunteer Hemlock Help Projects

Labor is always provided at no cost.  Normally, property owners purchase their own chemicals or reimburse SGH for our chemicals that we use on their property, but charitable assistance may be available as SGH  resources permit.

For property owners who choose to treat their own trees or to contract with a professional to do the treatment, here is information that will help in estimating the cost.



Treating your own hemlocks -- Property owner is responsible for purchasing the required chemical.  See list of treatment  product vendors on Contacts page.

   Lightly/moderately infested tree using Imidacloprid liquid or powder

   Lightly/moderately infested tree using Imidacloprid dry tablets

   Heavily infested or very large tree using Safari 20 SG

Choice of chemical should be based primarily on level of infestation. 
DIY cost is then based on product used and trunk diameters.

About $0.04 - $0.36 / diameter inch

About $0.32 - $0.78 / diameter inch

About $0.87 - $2.93 / diameter inch

 Hiring a professional to treat your hemlocks -- Property owner contracts directly with the professional. See Contacts page for a list of qualified professionals.

 ■  Lightly/moderately infested tree using Imidacloprid
 ■  Heavily infested or very large tree using Safari

Charges are based on the level of infestation, trunk diameters, treatment product used, and sometimes factors like terrain or number of trees. 
are generally within the following average ranges:

About $0.50 - $4.00 / diameter inch
About $1.60 - $9.00 / diameter inch


More Information about the Hemlock Help Program

   Call the Hemlock Help Line 706-429-8010.

   Press Release -- Announcement of the initial program launch in The Clayton Tribune and The Rabun Town Crier, July 1, 2009.

   Program Description -- Planning document including problem statement, program goal and objectives, guiding principles, scope, program services, and financial management plan.

   Visit the Resources page for more Save Georgia's Hemlocks materials, related articles and publications, and a list of helpful links.


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Save Georgia's Hemlocks 2009-2024. 
Send comments or questions by e-mail  or call the Hemlock Help LineSM  706-429-8010.